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Is Indonesian Easy?

Have you ever read some article that tell about the simplicity or easiness of Indonesian language? And do you believe that?

Indonesian is a success story for new lingua franca for new country in early 20th century. This language is developed from Malay language and decided to be the national language in Indonesia. For centuries, Malay was one of the widely used lingua franca in Nusantara, nowadays it’s part of Indonesia, Malaysia, and Southern Philippines. The vocabulary is rich by absorbing from many languages, Sanskrit, Dutch, and recently English. It’s also used Latin script and sometimes look like another Indo-European languages. Just take a look at this sentences and please leave some comments below, do you think that it’s resemblance one of Indo-European languages?

Saya ingin membeli komputer berteknologi mutakhir. Sayangnya lisensi sistem operasinya tidak gratis sehingga harganya sangat mahal.
I would like to buy a high-tech computer. Sadly, its system operation isn’t free, so it’s very expensive.

File:BIPA photograph.jpg

A book cover of Indonesian for Foreign Speakers. Photo by: Sania Amalia, CC-BY-SA 4.0

Affixes

Affixes is definitely the most hardest part of Indonesian. Indonesian has four types of affixes, such as: prefixes | awalan, suffixes | akhiran, confixes | apitan, and infixes | sisipan. Infixes is limited only for several words and it’s very active than others.

Although Indonesian doesn’t have tenses, but it has a complex verb conjugation. It’s just like English which has a lot of affixes, such as blindness; -ness is a suffixes, usually changes adjective into nouns. For example ‘membeli‘, from the root word ‘beli‘. Beli can change into pembelian (buying), dibeli (to be + bought – passive voice), terbeli (buyable), membelikan (buy for), etc.

Written and oral languages

Formal Indonesian is rarely used in daily basis. It’s mostly (only) used in formal occasion. So, if you learn Indonesian from book, school or college, it’s likely using formal register. Indonesia has more than 700 languages, so Indonesian language has a lot of dialects. If you’re in Medan, the dialect is heavily influenced by Bataknese, the same thing is happened when you’re in Semarang (Javanese), Surabaya (Eastern Javanese), Bali (Balinese), Ambon (Ambonese Malay), etc. So, don’t be panic if the language you learn formally in the school, it’s very different with the ‘real life’.

Conclusion

That’s two biggest reason why learning Indonesian isn’t very easy at all. If your native language is Austronesian, the affixes logic will be help you learn Indonesian easier. But, don’t be afraid to learn new language, especially Indonesian. As you know, there’s no easiest language in the world. It’s depend which languages do you want to learn and how close it’s from your native language.

 

 

 

 

 

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